Code of Points: Dance Steps


Natalia Garcia (ESP)

The dance steps are continuous, connected dance steps, which could be classical, ballroom, folkloric or modern steps. A minimum of one Dance Step Combination (named S) must be presented in an exercise. All steps must be clear and visible for the full 10 seconds duration, starting with the first dance movement.
The last steps in combination cannot be simple walking and look like preparation for the next Difficulty element. These steps must be performed according to the music (character, tempo, rhythm and accent).

The value of each Dance Step Series (S) is 0.40

A minimum of one Fundamental Apparatus Technical element must be performed during these dance steps. Also small throws if they support the idea or increase the amplitude and variety of movement. They can be medium or large throws.


Dance steps in Groups (UKR)

How to create these combinations?

They are logically and smoothly connected without unnecessary stops or prolonged preparatory movements, with variety of speed, directions and levels. They are not simple movements across the floor. They are created with different rhythmical patterns with the apparatus in motion during the entire combination (different planes /axis,
directions and levels).

When are not valid?

  • If they are performed less than 10 seconds.
  • When there is no relation between the tempo, rhythm, character and accents of the music and the body/apparatus movements.
  • Without a minimum 2 different varieties of movement (if 2 out of the 4 listed below do not change during
  • When there is missing minimum one fundamental apparatus technical element during (S)
  • When DB values more than 0.10 or Illusions
  • Major alteration of the basic technique of the apparatus handling
  • With pre-acrobatic element(s)
  • Loss of balance during steps with support on one or both hands or on the apparatus.
  • Total loss of balance with fall of the gymnast, performing steps

Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)

When is it not possible to perform?

All these kind of movements must be performed completely on the floor. They could not be performed during (R), pre-acrobatic elements, difficulty of body when the value is more than 0.10 or Illusions.  Difficulty of apparatus during S is not allowed.


Alina Harnasko (BLR)

Irina Viner Usmanova about the decision for not signing up at European Championships


Irina viner home

Irina Viner-Usmanova

39 countries already have signed up for European Championships 2020 in Kiev, Ukraine.

The surprising fact is that team Russia did not sign up for this event, that is scheduled from 26 to 29 November 2020 in Kiev. A final decision, due to the global health crisis, will be taken on 28 September. European Championships of Kiev is a part of the Olympic Qualification Proccess. Russia was already qualified.

The president of Russian Rhythmic Gymnastics Federation said that “the conditions presented by the event organizers are unacceptable”. Those are, that the sportswomen and sportsmen have to be in quarantine before the event.

Irina Viner Usmanova also mention that the cancellation probability of the Championships is very high, due to the Health Worldwide situation. Another reason is the diplomatic tense relationship between Russia and Ukraine.


“We don’t have direct flights from Russia to Ukraine right now. We also could have the posibility of isolation in the middle of our trip. Due to this situation, I don’t want to endanger our Team, since we are already qualified for Olympic Games”

The UEG will confirm the final decision at the end of September.

                                                                                                                                 Source: TASS


Daria Trubnikova (RUS)


Lala Kramarenko (RUS)



Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)



Code of Points: Generalities in Rotations


Viktoriia Mazur (UKR)

A rotation is the action of rotating about an axis or centre. In Rhythmic Gymnastics there are 2 types of Rotations:

1. Rotations on the foot: relevé (Pivot) or flat foot
2. Rotations on other parts of the body

In adition, all the rotation difficulties must have the following characteristics:

  •  Minimum basic rotation of 360 degrees with a fixed and well-defined shape
    (some could be 180 degrees). A well-defined shape means that the correct shape taken by the gymnast is held fixed during a minimum basic rotation; slight deviations in the shape.

Rotation will be evaluated according to the number of rotations performed. In case of an interruption, like a hop, only the value of the rotations already performed prior to the interruption will be valid.
They also must be coordinated with a minimum of one Fundamental Apparatus Technical element, specific to each apparatus and/ or an element from the Non-Fundamental Apparatus Technical groups in any part of the Rotation to be valid.


Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)

In the series of identical Pivots (with two or more), each Pivot is performed one after the other without interruption and with heel support. Each Pivot in the series counts as one Difficulty. Each Pivot is evaluated separately (except for the combination of identical “Fouettés,” which counts as one Difficulty).
Different Rotations are Rotations with a different shape regardless of the number of rotations (valid also for “Fouettés” pivots).

The support leg whether stretched or bent does not change the value of the Difficulty, but the shape must be achieved before the end of the minimum basic rotation. In all Rotation Difficulties with ring, or back bend of the trunk, the head must be close to some part
of the leg (closed position, touching required).

Pivots with change of shape

  • Counts as 1 Difficulty
  • Each shape performed on relevé
  • Each shape included in the Pivot must have a minimum basic rotation.
  • Passing from one shape to another must be performed without heel support and as directly as possible
  • With a minimum of 1 Fundamental Technical element specific to each apparatus and/or an element from the Non-Fundamental apparatus groups during any component of Pivot Difficulty

Vlada Nikolchenko (UKR)


  • Counts as 1 Difficulty
  • Two or more identical or different shapes connected with heel support
  • Various shapes may be performed:
    a) isolated
    b) combined (consecutively or alternating) within the same “Fouetté” but none of those shapes may be repeated in another Fouetté Rotation.
  • During every two “Fouettés,” one different Fundamental technical element or Non-Fundamentalapparatus element is required.


  • Counts as one Difficulty
  • For 2 or more identical shapes connected with or without heel support: +0.10 for each additional rotation above the base 360 degrees
  • During every two Illusions, one different Fundamental technical element or Non-Fundamental apparatus element is required.


35th FIG Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships in Pesaro, 30.08.2017

Katsiaryna Halkina (BLR) 


Yanika Vartlaan announces her retirement


Ukrainian gymnast Yanika Vartlaan announced last week the end of her gymnastics career. Yanika was born in Donetsk, Ukraine. Her mother is Ukrainian and her father is from Estonia, that’s why Yanika represented Estonia in her early years as a gymnast. However, Yanika have never trained or lived in Estonia. Right now, Yanika is focused in her career as a stretching instructor and doesn’t want to be a coach.

Her Life in Ukraine

In 2018, she decided to compete for the country she was born in. She was invited to train in Deriugina School (Kiev) with the National Team as individual gymnast.  She was the fourth gymnast behind Vlada Nikolchenko, Olena Diachenko, and Yeva Meleshchuk. Yanika is very flexible and has her own designed leotards, partially made by her mother. She even lent her leotards to top gymnasts such as Dina Averina.

35th FIG Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships in Pesaro, 31.08.2017

Dina Averina (RUS)

YANIKA VARTLAAN 3yanika vartlaan 4yanika vartlaan2


Yanika lent this leotard to Dina Averina


Throughout 2018, she participated in three World Cups: Tashkent, Portimão, and Minsk. At World Cup Portimao she could qualified in three of four finals.

At the World Championships in Sofia, she finished fifth in Team Competition. She also qualified for All-Around Final. She finished in 22nd position with two strong exercises with ball and hoop.

At the end of the season, she fell and injured her leg during her ribbon exercise at Italian Serie A.





New Sports Project in Spanish Rhythmic Gymnastics


Spanish Senior Group in 2019

Olympian Alejandra Quereda has been appointed today as the new National Head Coach in groups. Quereda already leads Spanish individual Team as a Head coach since 2018. The Royal Spanish Gymnastics Federation (RFEG) has been working for several months in this sports project, that will be showed up in the upcoming days.

Alejandra Quereda competed at the 2016 Rio Olympics Games in Brazil where she was member of the Spanish group that won silver medal in group-all around. The new long-term project will start with the first objective of building a competitive team for the World Championship (qualifying for the Paris 2024 Olympic Games), which will be held in the city of Valencia in 2023.


Spanish Senior Group in 2012

spanish senior group 11spanish senior group 10

spanish senior group 8

Anna Baranova

Thus, Anna Baranova, who was until now the National Head Coach for the last decade, is no longer part of the RFEG. Anna Baranova was born in Belarus and has a long career as an international coach. Nowadays she is living in Madrid, Spain.

She has held the position of National Head coach in two stages: the first from 2004 to 2008, and the second from 2011 to 2020. She also had the help of Sara Bayón as coach. In this period, the Spanish team has achieved among other achievements proclaiming itself Olympic Silver Champions in Rio 2016, two-time World Champions in 10 clubs (Kiev 2013 and Izmir 2014), the World bronze in the All-Around Competition of Stuttgart 2015 and 4th place at the 2012 London Olympics.


Spanish Senior Group in 2019


Rhythmic Gymnastics Photography


Photography is the art or process of producing images by the action of radiant energy and especially light on a sensitive surface (such as film or an optical sensor).

We offer the possibility to print and send you via post a full High Quality photography in the size you (A2, A3, A4) of your favorite gymnast. We also have exclusive autographed photos in A4 formats. Here are some examples:


Portrait of Ekaterina Galkina (BLR) 5496 x 3670 pixels 


Olena Dyachenko (UKR) World Cup Guadalaja 2017


Katrin Taseva (BUL) 5496 x 3670 Grand Prix Thiais 2018


Alina Harnasko (BLR) World Cup Guadalajara 2016


Aleksandra Soldatova (RUS) 3543 x 5315 pixels European Championships 2017




Dina Averina (RUS) 3670 x 5496 Grand Prix Marbella 2019


Vlada Nikolchenko (UKR) 5472 x 3678 Grand Prix Marbella 2018



Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS) 3418 X 4281 pixels Grand Prix Marbella 2018



Team Uzbekistan 5472 x 3648 pixels Grand Prix Thiais 2018


Linoy Ashram (ISR) 764 x 1111 pixels Euskalgym Gala 2019


Natalia Garcia (ESP) 3543 x 5315 pixels Grand Prix Thiais 2019



For prices and more information:

Requirements for Rhythmic Gymnastics Leotards


Close-up of Natalia Garcia’s (ESP) embellished leotard

Based on the updated code of points, a rhythmic gymnastics leotard must accomplish the following rules:

  • Non- transparent. Some parts in lace will have to be lined from the trunk to the chest. It must be tight fitting in order to enable the judges the correct positions.
  • They can have sleeves but narrow straps are not allowed.
  • Leotards for groups must be identical. However, if the leotard is made of a patterned material, some slight differences due to the cut may be tolerated.
  • The neckline of the front and back of the leotard must be no further down than half of the sternum and the lower line of the shoulder blades.
  • The cut of the leotard at the top of the legs must not go beyond the fold of the crotch (maximum); undergarments worn beneath the leotard should not be visible beyond the seams of the leotard itself.
Viktoriia Onopriienko5

Viktoriia Onoprienko’s (UKR) red leotard fitting with the music

From 2017, the code of points also allows:

  • Tights under the leotard
  • Gymnasts may perform their exercises with bare feet or gymnastics slippers.
  • Forbidden: to wear jewellery or piercings which jeopardize the safety of the gymnast. Also a skirt that does not fall further than the pelvic area over the leotard, tights or the unitard is allowed.

Fabrics of a leotard


Bandages or support pieces are made of skin colour

Penalties by Coordinator Judge:

Leotards  will be checked prior to the entrance of the gymnast in the competition hall and if this does not conform to the code of points, a penalty is applied by the Coordinator Judge.

  • -0.30 points for individual gymnast and one time for the Group at fault.
  • -0.30 points if emblem or publicity not conforming to official norms.
  • -0.30 points in case of bandages or support pieces are made of colors (it must be of skin color)

Anastasiya Salos (BLR) wearing a fluor leotard

Tartu2020 SeleznevaEkaterina-RUS

Ekaterina Selezneva wearing a leotard in the same colour as her ball


Leotards in groups


Some part of the leotards could be transparent

Rhythmic Gymnastics: Feelings


Vlada Nikolchenko and her coach Ireesha Blohina (UKR)

Rhythmic Gymnastics is a very emotive sport: isnt’t it? Gymnasts are rivals but they are also best friends. We all even can see the good relationship between coaches and their gymnast. Natural development through games and sport gives a deep feeling of accomplishment. Emotion is a central feature of Rhythmic Gymnastics. Gymnasts, as well as supporters, could experience many emotions, such as joy, sadness, anger, fear, anxiety, shame or guilt, and pride. Most emotion theorists argue that emotions have the power to motivate and regulate cognitions and behaviors in sport.


Yana Kudryavtseva (RUS) and her coach Elena Karpushenko moments before competition

Happiness  and  joy  are  associated  with  the  attainment  of  important  goals  and the  demonstration  of  competence, such as winning medals.  When they are happy, gymnasts are more likely to smile and embrace significant others (for example, their team partner). Although they could be rivals, Margarita Mamun and Yana Kudryavtseva were really close to each other during Olympic Games.  Loss is more likely to lead to sadness,  with  tell-tale  facial  expressions,  occasional crying,  initial  behavioral  isolation,  and  the  urge to  seek  comfort  from  others. Aliya Garayeva from Azerbaijan cried after qualifying 4th at Olympic Games All Around Final.


Ekaterina Halkina (BLR)



Fear is triggered by  the  appraisal  of  impending  danger  related  to physical or psychological harm. Ekaterina Halkina confirmed some weeks ago that she suffered from anxiety. The fear emotion  can  activate  fear-related  memories  and learned behaviors, thus increasing the strength of the fear response.

Margarita mamun

Margarita Mamun (RUS)

Olympic Champion in 2016, Margarita Mamun starred the documentary by Marta Prus Over the Limit, “an intimate portrait of the world’s most outstanding rhythmic gymnast Margarita Mamun who needs to overcome mental fragility to take part in the Olympic Games.” This riveting documentary reaveals a behind-the-scenes drama about the intensive physical and mental labor put into a sport which thrieves on its beautiful aesthetics.

Gesture in rhythmic gymnastics is deliberate, elaborate, adjusted and designed for a spectacular effect. Its purpose is to make the gymnast’s performance bright and rich. Every gesture has the exact meaning, conveys emotions, feelings and mood, helps to design the whole message of the composition. Many gymnasts open up their emotions on their routines.


Natalia Garcia (ESP)

Even a professional rhythmic gymnast sometimes can’t calm her nerves at the right moment, relax and ease unnecessary tension. In such situation there’s a risk of “psychological breakdown”.



Tears of Spanish Senior Group (Gold Medal) during Atlanta 1996 Olympic Games



Yana Kudryatseva (RUS) mistake at Rio Olympic Games

Many other gymnasts suffered from eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia. Russian rhythmic gymnastics star, Aleksandra Soldatova revealed a few weeks ago she was suffering from an eating disorder: bulimia. Just a few days before she talked to Tass Press Agency, Russian yellow press confirmed that Aleksandra tried to commit suicide and she was admited into a psychiatric ward at a hospital in Moscow. Spanish promising star, Olatz Rodríguez (17 years old) confirmed in her own Instagram site that she is suffering (and still recovering) from anorexia.

Aleksandra Soldatova

Aleksandra Soldatova (RUS)

Grand Prix Tartu 2020 Photos II


Arina Averina (RUS)


Arina Averina (RUS)


Arina Averina (RUS)


Arina Averina (RUS)


Arina Averina (RUS)


Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)


Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)


Lala Kramarenko (RUS)


Natalia Garcia (ESP)


Natalia Garcia (ESP)


Natalia Garcia (ESP)


Natalia Garcia (ESP)


Natalia Garcia (ESP)


Natalia Garcia (ESP)


Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)


Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)


Vlada Nikolchenko (UKR)


Vlada Nikolchenko (UKR)