Natalia Garcia (ESP)
The dance steps are continuous, connected dance steps, which could be classical, ballroom, folkloric or modern steps. A minimum of one Dance Step Combination (named S) must be presented in an exercise. All steps must be clear and visible for the full 10 seconds duration, starting with the first dance movement.
The last steps in combination cannot be simple walking and look like preparation for the next Difficulty element. These steps must be performed according to the music (character, tempo, rhythm and accent).
The value of each Dance Step Series (S) is 0.40
A minimum of one Fundamental Apparatus Technical element must be performed during these dance steps. Also small throws if they support the idea or increase the amplitude and variety of movement. They can be medium or large throws.
Dance steps in Groups (UKR)
How to create these combinations?
They are logically and smoothly connected without unnecessary stops or prolonged preparatory movements, with variety of speed, directions and levels. They are not simple movements across the floor. They are created with different rhythmical patterns with the apparatus in motion during the entire combination (different planes /axis,
directions and levels).
When are not valid?
- If they are performed less than 10 seconds.
- When there is no relation between the tempo, rhythm, character and accents of the music and the body/apparatus movements.
- Without a minimum 2 different varieties of movement (if 2 out of the 4 listed below do not change during
- When there is missing minimum one fundamental apparatus technical element during (S)
- When DB values more than 0.10 or Illusions
- Major alteration of the basic technique of the apparatus handling
- With pre-acrobatic element(s)
- Loss of balance during steps with support on one or both hands or on the apparatus.
- Total loss of balance with fall of the gymnast, performing steps
Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)
When is it not possible to perform?
All these kind of movements must be performed completely on the floor. They could not be performed during (R), pre-acrobatic elements, difficulty of body when the value is more than 0.10 or Illusions. Difficulty of apparatus during S is not allowed.
Alina Harnasko (BLR)
Viktoriia Mazur (UKR)
A rotation is the action of rotating about an axis or centre. In Rhythmic Gymnastics there are 2 types of Rotations:
1. Rotations on the foot: relevé (Pivot) or flat foot
2. Rotations on other parts of the body
In adition, all the rotation difficulties must have the following characteristics:
- Minimum basic rotation of 360 degrees with a fixed and well-defined shape
(some could be 180 degrees). A well-defined shape means that the correct shape taken by the gymnast is held fixed during a minimum basic rotation; slight deviations in the shape.
Rotation will be evaluated according to the number of rotations performed. In case of an interruption, like a hop, only the value of the rotations already performed prior to the interruption will be valid.
They also must be coordinated with a minimum of one Fundamental Apparatus Technical element, specific to each apparatus and/ or an element from the Non-Fundamental Apparatus Technical groups in any part of the Rotation to be valid.
Ekaterina Selezneva (RUS)
In the series of identical Pivots (with two or more), each Pivot is performed one after the other without interruption and with heel support. Each Pivot in the series counts as one Difficulty. Each Pivot is evaluated separately (except for the combination of identical “Fouettés,” which counts as one Difficulty).
Different Rotations are Rotations with a different shape regardless of the number of rotations (valid also for “Fouettés” pivots).
The support leg whether stretched or bent does not change the value of the Difficulty, but the shape must be achieved before the end of the minimum basic rotation. In all Rotation Difficulties with ring, or back bend of the trunk, the head must be close to some part
Pivots with change of shape
of the leg (closed position, touching required).
- Counts as 1 Difficulty
- Each shape performed on relevé
- Each shape included in the Pivot must have a minimum basic rotation.
- Passing from one shape to another must be performed without heel support and as directly as possible
- With a minimum of 1 Fundamental Technical element specific to each apparatus and/or an element from the Non-Fundamental apparatus groups during any component of Pivot Difficulty
Vlada Nikolchenko (UKR)
- Counts as 1 Difficulty
- Two or more identical or different shapes connected with heel support
- Various shapes may be performed:
b) combined (consecutively or alternating) within the same “Fouetté” but none of those shapes may be repeated in another Fouetté Rotation.
- During every two “Fouettés,” one different Fundamental technical element or Non-Fundamentalapparatus element is required.
- Counts as one Difficulty
- For 2 or more identical shapes connected with or without heel support: +0.10 for each additional rotation above the base 360 degrees
- During every two Illusions, one different Fundamental technical element or Non-Fundamental apparatus element is required.
Katsiaryna Halkina (BLR)
Close-up of Natalia Garcia’s (ESP) embellished leotard
Based on the updated code of points, a rhythmic gymnastics leotard must accomplish the following rules:
- Non- transparent. Some parts in lace will have to be lined from the trunk to the chest. It must be tight fitting in order to enable the judges the correct positions.
- They can have sleeves but narrow straps are not allowed.
- Leotards for groups must be identical. However, if the leotard is made of a patterned material, some slight differences due to the cut may be tolerated.
- The neckline of the front and back of the leotard must be no further down than half of the sternum and the lower line of the shoulder blades.
- The cut of the leotard at the top of the legs must not go beyond the fold of the crotch (maximum); undergarments worn beneath the leotard should not be visible beyond the seams of the leotard itself.
Viktoriia Onoprienko’s (UKR) red leotard fitting with the music
From 2017, the code of points also allows:
- Tights under the leotard
- Gymnasts may perform their exercises with bare feet or gymnastics slippers.
- Forbidden: to wear jewellery or piercings which jeopardize the safety of the gymnast. Also a skirt that does not fall further than the pelvic area over the leotard, tights or the unitard is allowed.
Fabrics of a leotard
Bandages or support pieces are made of skin colour
Penalties by Coordinator Judge:
Leotards will be checked prior to the entrance of the gymnast in the competition hall and if this does not conform to the code of points, a penalty is applied by the Coordinator Judge.
- -0.30 points for individual gymnast and one time for the Group at fault.
- -0.30 points if emblem or publicity not conforming to official norms.
- -0.30 points in case of bandages or support pieces are made of colors (it must be of skin color)
Anastasiya Salos (BLR) wearing a fluor leotard
Ekaterina Selezneva wearing a leotard in the same colour as her ball
Leotards in groups
Some part of the leotards could be transparent